Venomous Louisville snakes will not always inject their venom when biting their victim. This is referred to as dry bite wherein the snake will not cause envenoming. Dry bites may happen regardless of the species of the snakes but their frequency can differ. For instance, Eastern Brown Snakes will inflict dry bite on at least 80% of their attack. On the contrary, the Taipan will only administer dry bite at around 5%.
Overview of Dry Bite
The bites of the venomous Louisville snake that will not include envenomation have only been recognized in recent period. The experts are originally skeptical about the idea of dry bite. Usually, the medical professional will treat this as the bite of a non-venomous snake. There is also a belief that the venom gland of the venomous snake will be empty. However, today, dry bite is a widely accepted clinical situation.
Challenges on Dry Bite
Based on the average, the possibility that dry bite can happen is about 25%. There may be fang or teeth marks but without the presence of venom. Determining a dry bite will not be that simple. Some doctors that are practicing illegally will take advantage of this situation to extort money from their patient. The situation may not be that alarming when the patient will not need an antivenin since the physician will only need to watch out for the sign of infections. However, in case it is a bite from a Black Mamba when the victim will be injected with a large amount of venom, the doctor cannot wait for a longer period to verify if a venom has been injected by the snake or not. There are also types of venom that will take a couple of hours to kill. Nonetheless, the effect of the venom will take effect immediately. This type of situation should be treated at once. You should not wait until the symptom becomes too severe.
Possible Reason behind Dry Bite
There are different reasons behind a dry bite or instances when the snake will inject insufficient amount of venom. This may include:
It is possible that the snake has misjudged the distance between them and their target. This will result to an incomplete penetration of their fang.
- The victim could’ve moved quickly that lead to the inefficient bite.
- There can be a mechanical failure that caused the ineffective burrowing of the fangs.
- There can be an obstruction on the fangs of the snake that affected the quick deployment of their fangs.
- The snake may have an infection or disease in their venom gland.
- The absence of the venom during the time of the attack.
- The victim has developed a natural immunity against the venom of the snake.
There are different things that you must consider when diagnosing a dry bite. This may include the presence of fang marks, the snake responsible, lack of laboratory evidence with regards to envenoming, and others. These are all necessary when managing a dry bite.
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